The American War Experience – Korean War digital collection houses photographs, materials, and oral histories related to the Korean War. Some of the material for the Korean War Digital Collection resides in the Special Collections Department of James G. Gee Library on the campus of Texas A&M University-Commerce, but the majority of the items belong to veterans and/or their families.
The Korean War (1950-1953) was a military conflict between the Republic of Korea (supported by the United Nations) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the People’s Republic of China with air support from the Soviet Union. Japan had ruled the Korean peninsula from 1910 until the end of WWII when the peninsula was divided along the 38th parallel. The United States occupied the southern part. The Soviet Union occupied the northern part and established a Communist government. The Korean War began on June 25, 1950, when North Korean forces invaded South Korea. Infantry attacks and air bombing raids transitioned into trench warfare (similar to WWI trench warfare) which lasted from July 1951 until July 27, 1953, when the armistice was signed that created the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) near the 38th parallel.